There are many different disciplines or routines that are taught in Calisthenics, which is why it is considered such a diversified sport.
The value of correct deportment is highlighted in Figure Marching. The marching team must execute many intricate formations and patterns but the deportment is the single most important factor and must be maintained strictly at all times. The uniformity in style of each marcher is another basic requirement and the rhythm and precision within the team must be
identical. Ideally, the marching formations should be original and varied throughout the performance. As with all Calisthenics items, teamwork is essential.
FREEARM (also known as EXERCISE)
Freearm is a series of strong movements, correct in technique, involving high levels of flexibility and agility, demonstrating imaginative choreography and the physical capabilities of the performers. Control and uniformity of rhythm testing the girls' stamina, flexibility and timing, holding no apparatus.
Club swinging is one of the routines in which an apparatus is used. It involves the swinging of clubs in unison with perfect rhythm in a circular movement using both hands to swing the clubs in opposite directions and positions. The length of the club varies from 30-45 cm, depending on the length of the arm. When holding the club beside the arm with the fingertips gripping the knob, the end of the club reaches 1 inch from under the arm crease.
Rods is another routine which uses an apparatus. In Rod Work, the basic detail for leg, foot and body work is as for Free Arm. The manipulation of this simple piece of equipment demonstrates the co-ordination which can be achieved. Whilst the rod itself is the focal point, the use of the body and legs are incorporated into the sets of exercises. The rod is made of aluminium, approximately 5-10 mm in diameter. The length is taken from the centre chest to the end of the middle finger when the arm is in the Side Raise position, plus 30-50mm.
The Aesthetic section comprises a series of exacting movements, which must be executed with an air of refined elegance. Aesthetics is a ballet influenced discipline showing the team's ability to interpret the music in graceful movements. The music should be chosen to suit the particular age group. It should be soft and flowing, enabling a variety of facial and body expressions to be shown. Artistic groups, individual roles and abstract mime can also be introduced to add interest to the choreography.
SONG AND DANCE
Song and Dance is where a team combines singing with modern and jazz dance steps. A high quality of singing, presentation, style and facial expression and technique of dance steps, must be demonstrated.
SONG WITH MOVEMENTS
Song With Movements is a routine where a team can present a musical item comprising of singing, acting and choreographed movements. The arrangement should incorporate a song, or a selection of songs and movements pertaining to the style and character of the presentation. Arrangements should be animated with combinations of groups and patterns, costumes and stage properties.
Calisthenic Spectacular is a routine where teams are encouraged to combine many aspects of calisthenics plus dancing, singing, gymnastics, ballet movements, comedy and costume changes - all designed to make this a breathtaking routine. The routine should be equally balanced 50% physical exercises and 50% dance to the chosen theme.
RHYTHMIC DANCE INTERPRETATION
Rhythmic is based on a mixture of dancing and elevation. Rhythmic can be based on an Aesthetic style or Jazz style of dance as long as it includes many steps of elevation, body line, natural grace, dance quality, poise and interpretation of the theme. The dance can be set to a variety of rhythms. The soloists and chorus may portray the story or theme and create and atmosphere pertaining to the mood. Due to the strength and techniques involved, this routine is only taught in the older age groups.
Folk Dance is a National "dance of the people". Folk Dance is graded on the team's ability to perform and interpret national dances from all over the world theatrically. Teams are expected to show the correct steps in unison as well as convey national character, agility and vitality.